Yellow bittern of India is one of the smallest members of the bittern species. It is found occupying the Asian countries of India, Sri Lanka, Japan and Indonesia. Yellow bitterns are scientifically known as Lxobrychus sinensis and are of Old World origins. They are shy by nature and are brilliant in the camouflage technique.
Yellow bitterns of India are small birds, growing to an average length
of 38 cm. The neck is short, but the bill is quite long. The male Yellow
bittern is of dull yellow color on the upper side as well as the buff
below. The head and neck are of chestnut color and the crown is black.
The female Yellow bittern has streaked-brown crown, neck and breast. The
chicks are pale peachish-pink in color and can climb even before they
Yellow bitterns are also solitary creatures, which usually hunt on
their own. They use their long sturdy bills to capture the prey. Yellow
bitterns of India can slip rather easily and are also pretty good at
quietly climbing among the bottom of reed beds and undergrowth. Usually,
they hunt from cover. However, at times, one can also see them foraging
over floating vegetation, like water-hyacinth beds. The birds are more
active during dawn and dusk.
Yellow bitterns prefer to breed in dense vegetation near water.
Yellow Bitterns feed on insects, fish and amphibians.
Yellow bitterns inhabit Indian freshwater wetlands, which are covered
with thick vegetation. This includes marshes, grasslands, reed beds,
ponds, dredge-mine lagoons and reservoirs, including man-made canals.
One can also spot them in mangroves.
Yellow Bittern is protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of