Indian bittern is a bird belonging to the Ardeidae family of herons. Almost all the subspecies of Bitterns have a short neck and tend to be more secretive than the other members of the family. Indian Bittern birds form a monophyletic subfamily in the heron family of Botaurinae. They are usually found inhabiting the reed beds and other such swamplands. The diet of Indian bitterns comprises primarily of amphibians, reptiles, insects and fish. Read on to know about the subspecies of bitterns found in India.
Black bittern, of the Old World origins, is a resident bird of India.
The bright color of the bird easily distinguishes it from the other
bittern species. In the daytime, one can find Black bitterns of India
resting in trees or on the ground, amongst dense reeds. They tend to fly
frequently and have a distinct booming call, mainly heard during the
Indian Cinnamon bittern is a small bird, having Old World origins. It
is seen inhabiting the tropical parts of Asia, stretching on from India
and Sri Lanka to China and Indonesia. Cinnamon bitterns of India are
very shy and secretive by nature and can easily conceal themselves. One
can see them only during flight, which is typically short and low.
Indian Little Bittern Bird is a native of the Old World and is
scientifically known as Lxobrychus minutus. The natural habitat of the
bird comprises of Africa, central and southern Europe, western and
southern Asia and Australia. It may be quite difficult to spot a little
bittern, as the bird usually spends its time hidden in dense reed beds.
Yellow bittern of India is one of the smallest members of the bittern
species. It is found occupying the Asian countries of India, Sri Lanka,
Japan and Indonesia. Yellow bitterns are scientifically known as
Lxobrychus sinensis and are of Old World origins. They are shy by nature
and are brilliant in the camouflage technique.
Other Bittern Subspecies: