Jaipur, also called as the “Pink City”, is almost synonymous to elegance and art. It’s said that Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, founded the city and remodeled it as his capital. Located amidst exotic locale, this princely state has been the home to the royal brave hearts and fearless warriors. Today, Jaipur ranks among one of the fastest growing cities of India and has its fair share of urban hipsters as well as traditional crusaders. This city, which is portrayed more by western films than native, is also one of the few cities that have the oldest Sanskrit college. In world’s jewelry scenario, the city is known as the largest exporter of diamond, gold and other precious stones. One should experience the life in Jaipur, at least before saying adieu to life, no matter, from which zone of this planet he/she belongs. Amber Fort, Hawa Mahal, Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, City Palace, Jantar Mantar, Rambagh Palace and Jal Mahal are some of the major attractions of this place. To experience the real flavor of the princely town, trail down the history of Jaipur and explore its grand magnificence.
Overview Of Jaipur History
Jaipur, The Royal Capital
In 1727, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, had come to a conclusion that it would be better to shift his capital from Amber to a city that could be a perfect place for his expanding population. Water scarcity was another reason that forced Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh to consider this decision. Being a ruler with an intense clarity of things, Maharaja Sawai studied the art and science of architecture before moving his capital to Jaipur from Amber. Jaipur is said to have come into existence as a classical example of a well made city, which is accurately based on Vastu Shashtra. It was made with the help and wisdom of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, who was a clerk in King’s administration. Being a very intelligent individual, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya took the right measures to protect the city and the royal palaces from the alien forces. He designed the city and its proud structures in a way that it could resist the violent agitation from foreign forces. Security became the most important concern of Maharaja Sawai as security threat from Marathas made him alert.
The construction of the ‘Pink City’ had begun in 1727 and it almost took 4 years to complete the major infrastructure and buildings. Records reveal that the buildings of this place have been styled according to Shilpa Shastra, the science of Indian architecture. Primarily, the city was divided into nine blocks, of which two served as the state buildings and royal palaces and the other seven were given to the public. Seven strong gates were built along with huge walls to protect the people from foreign invasion. The city got its name when Sawai Ram Singh decided to paint the city in pink to welcome the Prince of Wales, in 1853.
Even today, the avenues remain painted in pink and that adds an exotic touch to the location. By 1900, the population of the state had increased to whopping 160,000. Today, Jaipur is a growing metro, which plays an important role in information technological developments for the country.