Known for its laid-back charms and beautiful amalgam of Hindu and Islamic art, Bhopal holds a unique appeal to the world. The magnetic aura of the place, upheld by several rulers who ruled this land, can be perceived even today. Nearly all the dynasties that ruled the city contributed enormously towards its growth and left an indelible impression on the city's history. Bhopal flourished greatly under the hands of Muslim rulers, a fact that is well exhibited in the monuments and even in the lifestyle of the people here. Unlike the history of any other Indian cities, Bhopal witnessed a glorious period under the reign of many female rulers. The bravery, the talent and the power exhibited by these women rulers in this orthodox world is truly exemplary. To know more about the city of Bhopal and unravel its wonderful past, go through the write-up below that briefs you on the history of the city.
Origin Of Bhopal
Bhopal, earlier known as Bhojpal, was originally built by Paramara King Bhoj in the 11th century. The name 'Bhojpal', which was named after the king, saw a wonderful growth under Paramara rule. With time, the fortune of Bhopal rose and fell several times along with its ruling dynasties. However, as the Paramara rule declined, the glory of the city began to wane.
Later on, the city came under the reign of Mughal Rule and witnessed the dynamic rule of many noted rulers. After the death of Aurangazeb, an Afghan soldier named Dost Mohammad Khan belonging to Orakzai tribe conquered this region and laid the foundation for the city. He brought the Islamic art and culture from his homeland and displayed it beautifully in the various works of architecture undertaken by him. Even today, you can witness the ruins of them in Islam Nagar. The history of Bhopal is incomplete without describing the glorious rule of Begums. The ladies of the royal family led respectful lives, followed their religion and were good administrators. The first female ruler of Bhopal, Qudsia Begum, came to power in 1819 after the assassination of her husband. Although she was illiterate, she was known for her brave and strong acts. After her reign, her daughter Sikandar became the queen of Bhopal. Well trained in martial arts and other bravery acts, Sikander fought many battles during her reign. Following her heroic rule, her daughter Shah Jahan Begum took over the throne and ruled the land from 1868 to 1901. Unlike her mother, Shah Jahan Begum was interested in poetry, music, art and architecture. During her reign, she spent lavishly on art and architecture to beautify the place.
Bhopal was one of the last princely states to sign the agreement of Instrument of Accession 1947. Even though India gained Independence in 1947, Bhopal ruler HH Nawab Hamidullah Khan surrendered his state to Indian government only on 1st May 1949. Later, according to States Reorganization Act of 1956, Bhopal was merged with Madhya Pradesh and was declared as its capital.
Bhopal Gas Tragedy
Bhopal witnessed the worst tragedy on December 3, 1984, when a union Carbide plant in the city leaked nearly 42 tons of toxic methyl isocyanate gas leading to the death of nearly 3000 people. Even today, the people of this region suffer from the harmful upshots of the chemicals. This disaster is said to be the worst industrial disaster in the whole world and is observed as a black day. Every year the state government of Bhopal observes December 3rd as a national holiday.