Urdu poetry is one of the most vivid and colorful fields of poetry that is read with much enthusiasm and admiration even in the contemporary world. Some of the most famous Urdu poets who have made immense contribution in this field have been discussed in our related sections. The contribution made by these Urdu language poets is immense and worth appreciating. They have inspired and continued to inspire many philosophers. Their works continue to enthrall and amaze readers even today.
Urdu poets have limited themselves to not just Urdu, but also have
experimented with languages like Persian, Hindi and Arabic. India has
had its share of famous Urdu poets and has preserved the priceless
treasure of their beautiful poetic works for our present and future
generation. Urdu poetry has had its origin in Arabia and Persia and yet
India is highly influenced by this field of poetry and there have been
many famous poets who wrote Urdu poetry in India.
Most of these Urdu poets in India used pen names or pseudonyms known as
'Takhallus'. This word is derived from Arabic and it means 'ending'.
This pen name was fixed at the end of a poet's name and the traditional
way of identifying an Urdu poet was by taking the pen name. Also, when a
poet wrote a poem or a ghazal, his pen name would be incorporated at the
end of the poem as a signature.
The poets discussed in our related sections are as follows:
Ali Sardar Zafri
Ali Sardar Zafri was born in Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh. He came to Mumbai in 1942 and made it his home. Arrested for writing against British rule in India, Zafri was among the votaries of the progressive movement in Urdu literature. Zafri 's literary career began at the young age of 17.
Amir Khusro, one of the most versatile personalities of medieval India, was born in 1253 in a place called Patiyali, Uttar Pradesh. His real name was Ab'ul Hasan Yamin al-Din Khusrow whereas Amir Khusro was his pen name. Also known as Amir Khusro Dehlavi, this creative classical poet was associated with the royal empires of more than seven rulers of Delhi.
Bahadur Shah Zafar
The last Mughal emperor of India, Bahadur Shah Zafar II (1775-1862) was born Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar and was a very famous Urdu poet in his times. His poems are still read with much enthusiasm and admiration among the numerous Urdu poetry fans.
Nawab Mirza Khan Daag better known as Daag Dehlvi was born in 1831 in Delhi. His father died when he was all but 6 years of age and that is why his stepfather, Mirza Muhammed Fakhroo, brought him up. His father, Nawab Shams-ul-din Khan, was hanged till death as a punishment for a suspected engagement in the murder of the then British Resident of Delhi, Sir William Fraser.
#Firaq Gorakhpuri was born Raghupati Sahay in the year 1896 at Gorakhpur District of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Born to a family of aristocrats, Firaq had a taste of Urdu poetry at very tender age. He started writing poetry in Urdu in teens and developed his own niche in an era that was marked by the likes
Gulzar was born Sampooran Singh at Deena in Pakistan in the year 1934. After partition in 1947, he came to Delhi. Gulzar started his career as an assistant to celebrated director Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. He started his career as a lyricist with Bimal Roy's Bandini.
One name that is synonymous with romance, aesthetics and Urdu poetry in contemporary India is that of Javed Akhtar. This famous lyricist and songwriter was born on January 17th 1945 in Gwalior. The life history of Javed Akhtar is a roller coaster ride and the number of honors to his name is an endless list that is still growing.
Born as Akhtar Hussain Rizvi in a family of landlords of a small town of Uttar Pradesh, Kaifi Azmi was a very renowned Urdu poet of India. Though his father, Syed Fateh Hussain Rizvi was a landlord, he also worked as a Tehsildar in a small state in Uttar Pradesh.
Majaz, uncle to the famous contemporary lyricist Javed Akhtar, was born in Barabanki district of Uttar Pradesh in 1909-10. After completing his initial education from Lucknow and Agra, Majaz moved to Aligarh for his higher studies. He completed his graduation from Aligarh Muslim University in 1936.
Meer Taqi Meer
Syed Amanullah Meer Taqi was the only son of a Sufi saint, Meer Muttaqi. When Meer was a little child, his father looking at his face used to say what this fire is which is burning within your heart that is reflecting on your face. Living in an atmosphere of Sufism at a very young age had profound effect on Meer.
Meher Baba Huma
Meher Baba Huma was a famous spiritual leader of India. He was born in Merwan Sheriar Irani on February 25th 1894. He led a normal life and grew up like any other boy, going to school and college and finishing education. The life history of Meher Baba is a very interesting and an extraordinary event. During his early years he showed no inclination towards spirituality.
One of the best-known Urdu poets of all times, Mirza Ghalib is a name that is synonymous with Urdu poetry. Born Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan, Ghalib was a pen name he adopted. It is like a pseudonym that most poets and writers adopt in the literary world. The life history of Ghalib is truly interesting and Ghalib's biography indeed makes a good read.
Momin Khan Momin
Momin Khan Momin, a great Urdu Poet of 19th century, was born in respectable Delhi family of physicians in the year 1801. He used "Momin" as his takhallus. It is the Urdu of 'nom de plume'. His elementary and higher education was completed in various Madarsas in Delhi, where he studied Arabic and Persian. Momin Khan Momin was gifted with a multifaceted personality.
Mohammad Ibrahim Zauq
One of the greatest Urdu poets of all times, Mohammad Ibrahim Zauq is regarded as one of the pioneers of Urdu poetry. He was born in 1789 in a poor family and had a very ordinary education. Yet his treasure of Urdu poem and ghazals were immense and are considered priceless today. Zauq was the pen name of Sheikh
One of the greatest Urdu poets in the contemporary world, Allama Muhammad Iqbal is famous for his poetry in Urdu and Persian. He is also given much credit for his works on political and religious philosophy in Islam. The life history of Allama Muhammad Iqbal is very interesting and this section titled as Allama Muhammad Iqbal biography shall give you further information about his life.
Muqtida Hasan Nida Fazli, born in 1938 in Delhi, is an eminent Urdu poet and lyricist. His poetry is often described as lacking in any singular identity thereby defying neat categorizations. His poetry reflects the checkered trajectories of a poet who "traveled in many directions".