An extremely famous name that comes to mind when we talk of Urdu novel writers is that of Munshi Premchand. The life history is of Prem Chand is like that of any ordinary man. But what makes him stand out are the numerous works he composed in his lifetime. They are still read with much enthusiasm and admiration. Though he had financial crunches all through his life, he had the rich collection of his works and compositions. Read on further about Munshi Premchand biography to know more about the life of this common man who was an extraordinary genius.
in a village called Pandepur near Varanasi, he was named Dhanpat Rai by
his parents. Tragedy struck early in his life when he lost his mother at
the tender age of eight. His father, Munshi Ajayab Lal worked as an
ordinary clerk in the postal department. He left Premchand in the
guardian of his grandmother and married someone else. He grew up without
the love of his parents and was given responsibility at a very young
age. His grandmother also died soon and he was left with no one to take
care of him.
At the age of 15, he got married and it didn't work out well.
Meanwhile, his father died and he had to curtail his studies, as he had
to take care of not just himself but also his stepsiblings. He managed
to secure a job as a teacher in a primary school and rapidly got
promoted to the post of Deputy Inspector of Schools. When Mahatma Gandhi
announced the non-cooperation movement, Premchand quit his job and
devoted his time to writing fully. His first short story was published
in a magazine called Zamana that was circulated in Kanpur.
When it comes to writing Urdu novel and short stories, Premchand
definitely has his own special place. His style of writing novels began
as fantasy tales of kings and queens. But as he became more and more
conscious of what was happening around him, he started to write on
social problems and his novels had the element of evoking the feeling of
social consciousness and responsibility. He wrote about the realities of
life and the various problems faced by the common man in a turbulent
His main focus remained rural India and exploitation faced by a common
villager at the hands of priests, landlords, loan sharks, etc. He also
emphasized on the unity of Hindus and Muslims. Some of his well-known
works are Godaan, Gaban, Karmabhoomi, Pratigya, etc. His famous short
stories include popular names like Atmaram, Udhar Ki Ghadi, Bade Ghar Ki
Beti, etc. Some of his works were also made into films by the noted
filmmaker, Satyajit Ray. This great literary personality of India
breathed his last on October 8th 1936.