Achievements: Founded Bose Corporation in 1964; Invented the
901(R) Direct/Reflecting(R) speaker system - one of the first stereo
loudspeakers to utilize the space around them instead of reproducing
sound as if in a vacuum; featured in 2006 Forbes Billionaires list.
Amar Bose is the founder of Bose Corporation and is known for his
pioneering work in the field of acoustics. Bose speakers are
world-famous for giving high-end performance despite their modest size.
Amar Gopal Bose was born in 1929 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His father
Nani Gopal Bose was a revolutionary freedom fighter who emigrated from
Calcutta to escape British prosecution. Amar Bose was interested in
electronics right from his childhood and used to make small electrical
toys to supplement his family's income. He did his schooling Abington
Senior High School and graduated with a BS in Electrical Engineering
from MIT in the early 1950s. He also completed his Ph.D. from MIT.
While doing graduation from MIT in 1950s, Amar Bose purchased a new
stereo system. But he was disappointed with the performance of the
speakers. Despite their impressive technical specifications, the
speakers failed to reproduce the realism of a live performance. This led
Bose to start working on stereo speaker. He aimed to design a speaker
that would emulate the concert hall experience in the home. Amar Bose's
early patents won him great respect within the industry. But Bose needed
capital to do further research and begin production. Amar Bose received
financial support from MIT professor Y. W. Lee and in 1964 he founded
In 1968, Amar Bose invented the 901(R) Direct/Reflecting(R) speaker
system. They were one of the first stereo loudspeakers to utilize the
space around them instead of reproducing sound as if in a vacuum. Bose's
901(R) speakers remained an industry benchmark for 25 years. Amar Bose
also captured the car stereo market, with systems that transformed the
on-the-road listening experience.
Today, Amar Bose has over two-dozen patents to his name. His products
can be found in Olympics stadiums, the Sistine Chapel, NASA Space
Shuttle, and the Japanese National Theatre. Amar Bose was also a
professor of electrical engineering at MIT for many years until he
retired in 2000. Amar Bose featured on the 2006 Forbes Billionaires list
with a personal wealth of $1.2 billion.