Given here is the history of the Indian National
Congress. Read about the Indian National Congress party.
Indian National Congress
The Indian National Congress was founded in the year
1885. The first session of Congress was presided over by Womesh Chandra
Banerjee who was also elected as the first president of Indian National
Congress party. Around seventy reputed delegates that included
educationalists, lawyers, journalists etc. attended the first session of
the congress when it was established. The Indian national congress was
considered to be a royal party when it was established. Read on about
the history of Indian National Congress.
The Indian National Congress had the following aims and objectives when
it was established:
- Inculcate a feeling of national unity and try to eradicate the
notion of race, creed and provincial prejudices.
- Seek the co-operation of all the Indians in its efforts and allow
them to take part in the administrative affairs of the country.
- Find a solution to the social problems of the country.
The Indian National Congress had a royal air about it
which faded as time passed by.
Though the Congress was made to improve India, the Muslims were opposed
to the party. Muslim leaders like Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Syed Ameer Ali
got invitation to attend the conference when congress party was
established but they refused. They also told other Muslims to abstain
from joining the party. He predicted that Congress would become a party
dominated by the Hindus. The Congress party was broadly divided among
two types of members - the conservatives and the leftists. The former
had a cautious approach towards the policies while the latter were more
into socialism. During the moderate phase of the congress they were
extremely loyal to the British but with time the party entered the
extremist phase and expressed its displeasure in the policies of the
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