Vijayanagar Empire was an empire established in the southern state of Karnataka in India. It covered the entire Deccan region of Peninsular India. The Vijayanagar Empire was founded by a ruler named Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I around 1336. The Vijayanagar dynasty receives its name from the capital city of Vijayanagar. The ruins of this city surround the modern city of Hampi and are declared a World Heritage Site. Read further about the Vijayanagar Empire.
The Vijayanagar Empire was famous for its rich heritage and beautifully
constructed monuments that were spread over Southern India. The rich
cultural heritage of South India was the main inspiration for temple
architectural styles. The construction style of Hindu temples was
inspired from the blending of different faiths and languages. Local
granite was used in building temples first in the Deccan region and then
in the Dravidian regions. The rulers of the Vijayanagar Empire were
admirers of fine arts and encouraged people to indulge themselves in
music, dance and handicrafts.
Trade and commerce was carried on vigorously and this brought about new
ideas and a multitude of changes in the kingdom. Irrigation and water
management systems were enhanced and developed during the Vijayanagar
dynasty. Languages like Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Sanskrit developed
and literature reached new heights. South Indian classical music known
as Carnatic music developed tremendously and achieved its current form.
Vijayanagar kingdom created an era where Hinduism was a unifying factor
and went beyond all boundaries of language and beliefs.
The Vijayanagar Empire emerged as one of the most powerful kingdoms in
the Peninsular India and ruled there for 200 years. The empire was so
strong that four Muslim kingdoms had to come together to destroy this
strong kingdom. The ruins of this great kingdom can be seen even today
at Hampi which has been declared a protected site by the UNESCO.