One of the greatest Mughal emperors to have ruled India was Akbar. He was popularly known as Akbar the Great because of his ability to rule efficiently and skillfully. Akbar was born on 23rd November, 1542 when his father Humayun and mother Hamida Bano were wandering in Iran. It is said that when Akbar was born, Humayun had nothing to distribute as a token of happiness. All he had was some musk which he broke into small pieces and gave to his well wishers. Humayun predicted that the fame of his son would spread everywhere like the smell of musk. Check out this biography of Akbar which sums up the life history of the Mughal Emperor.
Akbar spent his childhood in the rough terrain of Afghanistan. His
early years were spent learning how to hunt, fight and mature into a
skillful warrior. He did not find time to read and write and was
illiterate. But his illiteracy did not hamper his quest for knowledge
and desire to know about new things. Akbar had a huge library and a vast
collection of books and scriptures. His courtiers read out the books for
him. Akbar had the knowledge equivalent to some of the most learned
scholars. He also was an admirer of fine arts and always encouraged,
poetry, music and dance in his court.
Akbar ascended the throne at the tender age of 13 years in the year
1556. This was the time his father Humayun died after an accident.
During his initial years as an emperor, he was helped by his General
known as Bairam Khan. After sometime however, he was removed by Akbar
due to misunderstandings. After Bairam Khan, his nurse and aunt tried to
gain control over Akbar and started to influence his thoughts. But she
was not successful in doing so and Akbar then decided to take the empire
and administration in his own hands.
With time and experience, Akbar proved to be an efficient ruler. His
kingdom never had any woes and administration was smooth. Akbar was a
great admirer of art and architecture and constructed many palaces and
monuments during his reign. The famous ones are the Red Fort and the
Fateh Pur Sikri located at Agra. Akbar was tolerant of all other
religions and did not differentiate between Hindus and non-Hindus. He
appointed many Hindus at high posts in his kingdom and was one of those
very few rulers who was able to win over their trust and loyalty.
Akbar had three sons, two of whom died when they were young. The last
prince known as Prince Jahangir, was in constant revolt with his father.
These regular battles against his own son proved detrimental for his
health and the great Mughal Emperor Akbar breathed his last in the year
1605. He was buried with full honors and many grieved the death of this
great emperor and able ruler. His magnificent tomb is located at Agra.