Asoka's pillars are basically a series of pillars that are spread all over the northern part of the Indian sub continent. These pillars were set up during the time Emperor Ashoka reigned in India. Most of the pillars, though damaged to some extent still stand upright and are protected by the concerned authorities. Out of all the pillars, the most famous is the Ashokan pillar located at Sarnath. Most of King Asoka's pillars have inscriptions of Ashoka's Dhamma or philosophies. Read further about the famous Ashoka Pillar.
The pillar at Sarnath is believed to mark the site where Lord Buddha
preached his first sermon. It is said to be place where Buddha taught
Dharma to five monks. The pillar at Sarnath has an edict inscribed on it
that reveals information about Ashoka's stand against divisions of any
sort in the society. When translated, it says "No one shall cause
division in the order of monks". The pillar at Sarnath is made of
sandstone and is maintained in proper shape even today.
The appearance of the pillar is quite imposing. At the base of the
pillar is an inverted lotus flower which forms a platform for the
pillar. At the top of the pillar are four lions sitting back to back
facing the four prime directions. Other illustrations on the pillar
include the Dharma Chakra (Wheel) with 24 spokes which can be seen on
the Indian national flag as well. All illustrations have their own
meaning and significance. There are four animals illustrated on the
pillar. They stand for the following: