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aerobic and anaerobic exercise. Read about aerobic versus anaerobic
Aerobic Versus Anaerobic Exercise
Aerobic and anaerobic exercises form essential parts
of a fitness regimen. Both contribute in maintaining overall health of
the person doing them. Simple physical activities such as jogging, brisk
walking, rowing, cycling, skiing and swimming are aerobic exercises.
High intensity workout such as jumping, weightlifting, stress training
workouts and sprinting are categorized as anaerobic exercises. Although
we are well aware of aerobic and anaerobic exercises, not many of us
know the exact difference between the two. Here in this article, we have
analyzed aerobic versus anaerobic exercise.
Difference Between Aerobic And Anaerobic Exercise
- The literal meaning of aerobics is oxygen. Hence, aerobic
exercise can be defined as the one, which involves the use of oxygen
to produce energy, whereas anaerobic exercise makes the body to
produce energy without using oxygen.
- Anaerobic exercises are high intensity workouts that are
performed for a short time. On the contrary, aerobic exercises
generally simple exercises and are performed for a longer time, at
- A person doing aerobic exercises requires more endurance, because
unlike anaerobic exercise (which is done for a short period),
aerobic exercise is done for a long time.
- Generally, aerobic exercise is performed for about 20 minutes or
more. On the other hand, the duration for an anaerobic exercises is
two minutes, which can be only sustained for a longer time through
- The metabolic processes used by aerobic and anaerobic exercises
differentiate them from each other. Although both aerobic and
anaerobic exercises produce energy through glycolysis (conversion of
glucose into pyruvate), the substance used to break down glucose is
different. While oxygen is used to break down glucose by aerobic
exercise, the anaerobic exercises make use of phosphocreatine,
stored in the muscles, for the process.
- Aerobic and anaerobic exercises are done to accomplish individual
goals. Aerobic exercises concentrate on strengthening and the
muscles involved in respiration. It improves the circulation of
blood and transportation of oxygen in the body, reduces blood
pressure and burns fat. On the other hand, anaerobic exercise helps
build strength and muscle mass, stronger bones and increases speed,
power, muscle strength and the metabolic rate as well. It
concentrates on burning the calories, when the body is in rest.
- When you perform aerobic exercise, you will notice an increase in
the heart beat rate and the rise in your level of respiration.
Energy is provided by carbohydrate and fats, when you work out the
muscles. On the other hand, the sources of energy during anaerobic
activity are adenosine tri phosphate (ATP) and creatine phosphate.